National Institute of Technology (NIT) students who left Srinagar, Kashmir's main city arrive to board a train to leave for their respective homes from a railway station in Jammu, India, Sunday, Aug. 4, 2019. Thousands of Indian students and visitors were fleeing Indian-controlled Kashmir over the weekend after the government ordered tourists and Hindu pilgrims visiting a Himalayan cave shrine "to curtail their stay" in the disputed territory, citing security concerns. (AP Photo/Channi Anand)

Kashmir tensions intensify amid India-Pakistan skirmishes

August 04, 2019 - 6:19 pm

SRINAGAR, India (AP) — Tensions have soared along the volatile, highly militarized frontier between India and Pakistan in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, as India has deployed more troops and ordered thousands of visitors out of the region.

Indian firing Sunday along the Line of Control that separates Kashmir between the archrivals wounded a woman and the ongoing skirmishes spread fear in border villages, Pakistani police said. The frontier residents on the Pakistani side are either moving out to safer places or have begun construction of new bunkers, with some strengthening existing shelters near their homes.

Pakistan and India, which both claim Kashmir in its entirety, routinely blame each other for initiating border skirmishes, but the latest ones come amid the Indian government's evacuation order of tourists and Hindu pilgrims and a buildup of troops in its part of the region.

The measures have sparked fears in Kashmir that New Delhi is planning to scrap an Indian constitutional provision that forbids Indians from outside the region from buying land in the Muslim-majority territory. In recent days, Hindu-majority India has deployed at least 10,000 troops in Kashmir, with media reports of a further 25,000 ordered to one of the world's most militarized regions.

Thousands of additional Indian soldiers on Sunday began camping in police stations and government buildings in several areas of the region.

Authorities imposed an indefinite security lockdown around midnight as government forces laid steel barricades and razor wire on roads and intersections to cut off neighborhoods in Srinagar, the main city of the region.

"As per the order there shall be no movement of public and all educational institutions shall also remain closed," the statement said. It said public meetings and rallies have been also banned.

Authorities also suspended internet services on cellphones, a common tactic to prevent anti-India demonstrations from being organized and stop dissemination of news.

Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan condemned the shelling by India and warned on Twitter that the situation has the potential to "blow up into a regional crisis." He reiterated that "the only road to peace and security in South Asia runs through a peaceful and just settlement of Kashmir."

Later Sunday, Khan and Pakistani political and military leaders on the country's national security committee met and expressed concerns over what it called "India's destabilizing efforts" in the region, saying its recent buildup of forces is adding fuel to fire.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi is scheduled to chair a national security meeting on Monday.

In Pakistan's portion of Kashmir, Mohammad Fareed, a retired government employee in Tufrabad village near the Line of Control, said he had spent over $3,000 to construct a concrete bunker for his family of 10. "It looks like the situation is getting bad," he said, adding that the recent shelling and the dropping of cluster bombs had created massive fear.

"People are using their savings to build bunkers. After all, if you live you will do other things," said Fareed.

Mohammad Altaf, a trader dealing in construction material, said people were buying concrete blocks and crushed stone to construct bunkers in and around their homes.

Raja Farooq Haider, the prime minister of Pakistani-controlled Kashmir, announced Friday the sanctioning of about $19 million for community bunkers for residents living along the border.

Kashmir has grabbed the spotlight again months after a deadly militant attack on an Indian paramilitary convoy sparked cross-border air attacks and brought India and Pakistan to the brink of war. The recent escalation has come amid offers by President Donald Trump to mediate to resolve the Kashmir issue. While Pakistan has welcomed the offer, India has rejected it, saying the dispute is between the two countries.

Amid the government evacuation order, hundreds of Indian and foreign visitors, including some Hindu pilgrims, continued congregating outside the main terminal at the airport in Srinagar, the region's main city, seeking seats on flights out.

Tourists and pilgrims also took buses out of the region, with authorities busing out hundreds of Indian students from Srinagar colleges.

The order on Friday cited the "prevailing security situation" and the "latest intelligence inputs of terror threats with specific targeting" of the annual Hindu pilgrimage as reasons for the advisory. Several governments issued similar travel advisories.

Kashmiri politicians and ordinary residents fear the government measures are a prelude to doing away with Kashmir's special status and intensifying an ongoing crackdown against anti-India dissenters. Kashmir, a region known for lush green valleys, lakes, meadows and dense forested mountains, has become notorious for security lockdowns and crackdowns.

In its election manifesto earlier this year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party promised to do away with special rights for Kashmiris under India's constitution.

"India is getting cornered at the geostrategic level as America seeks Pakistani help for withdrawing from Afghanistan," said Fayaz Ahmed, a political science teacher in Srinagar. "In turn, India is mounting pressure on Pakistan by building up tensions in Kashmir through militaristic approaches inside Kashmir as well as along the frontier."

Syed Ali Geelani, a top Kashmiri leader who challenges India's sovereignty over the region, issued a statement late Sunday calling on Kashmiris to use "unity and brotherhood" to fight "India's aggression." He appealed to world powers to "take serious note of this grim situation and help us to be rescued from the cruel and barbaric clutches of India."

Meanwhile, Pakistan late Saturday blamed India for using banned cluster munitions to target the civilian population, killing two people. The Indian army rejected the claim, saying Indian soldiers killed at least five attackers while foiling an attempt by gunmen from Pakistan's side of Kashmir to target an Indian post.

Rebels in Indian-controlled Kashmir have been fighting Indian control since 1989. Most Kashmiris support the rebels' demand that the territory be united either under Pakistani rule or as an independent country, while also participating in civilian street protests against Indian control. About 70,000 people have been killed in the uprising and the ensuing Indian crackdown.

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Mughal reported from Muzaffarabad, Pakistan. Associated Press writer Zarar Khan in Islamabad contributed to this report.

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